According to “The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3)” (Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock) sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. The identification of an organism in culture in a patient who corresponds to the definition of sepsis is highly supportive of the diagnosis of sepsis but is not necessary because a culprit organism is frequently not identified in up to 50% of patients who present with sepsis syndrome. Negative blood culture doesn’t mean that patient doesn’t have sepsis as positive blood culture may occur without developing sepsis syndrome.
We suppose that it’s not entirely true to map “Septicemia” (Athena) to “Sepsis” (Athena) because they mean different conditions. We propose to remap “Toxaemia” (“Blood poisoning”) (Athena), “Septicemia” and similar concepts with microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses etc.) in blood to “Infection of bloodstream” (Athena).
We propose to discuss this issue and evaluate how possible changes may affect existing projects.